Bases are compounds that neutralize acids.

Common bases

Common name

Proper name

Chemical formula

Uses

Caustic soda

Sodium hydroxide

NaOH

Ovens and drain cleaning products. Manufacture of soap

Caustic potash

Potassium hydroxide

KOH

Manufacture of soap

Ammonia

Ammonia

NH3

Cleaning products

Slaked lime

Calcium hydroxide

Ca(OH)2

 Cement manufacture, water softening ansd used to  neutral acidic soil.

Washing soda

Sodium carbonate

Na2CO3

Softens hard water. Removes Ca and Mg ions as a precipitate. Used in the manufacture of glass.

Bicarb of soda

Sodium hydrogen carbonate

NaHCO3

Sherbets – reacts with citric acid. Self raising flour.

Milk of magnesia

Magnesium hydroxide.

Mg(OH)2

Weak base, not an alkali. Used as an antacid to neutralize excess stomach acid.

 

Molar Mass
 

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